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构建少数民族地区禁毒防艾多元防控体系
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作者:戴溪瀛
发表时间:2012年11月1日
出版单位:云南大学
导师:王启梁
论文级别:硕士
学位年度:2012
中文关键词:少数民族;;艾滋病;;社会控制;;宗教;;法治
英文关键词:Ethnic groups;;HIV/AIDS;;social control;;religion;;order of law

中文摘要:

数据表明,边疆少数民族地区已经成为我国毒品与艾滋病高流行区,遏制艾滋病在少数民族地区的流行刻不容缓。随着法制化进程的不断加速,“依法治病”成为我国消减毒品与艾滋病危害的首要途径,然而民族地区内部的复杂性却对成功立法、执法构成了巨大挑战,严重阻碍了禁毒防艾法律在这一地区的有效实施,并引发法律的“语言混乱”,导致法律在该地区禁毒防艾工作中的干预失败或事倍功半。如何在转型社会的时代背景下,充分整合正式与非正式社会控制资源,在立法过程中为禁毒防艾对象赋权,从而构建起禁毒防艾多元防控体系,已经成为少数民族地区禁毒防艾法律成功治理的关键。 基于对西南边疆一个回族村落的法律社会学调查,笔者深入分析了上世纪九十年代初毒品在这一地区肆虐,以及随之而来的艾滋病危机背后的社会文化原因,通过对现行禁毒防艾法律政策的全面评估,指出现行禁毒防艾法律法规和相关政策中仍然存在着诸多缺陷,内外因素共同作用,使得正式社会控制方式在这一地区禁毒防艾工作中成效有限。 至此,笔者基于政治权力分散与疾病传播正相关的人口学理论,提出本研究的理论假设:社会控制供给与社会秩序需求失衡以及不同规则之间的内在张力,在一定程度上加速了边疆少数民族地区毒品与艾滋病泛滥的危机。笔者进一步透过平镇田村的典型案例,从整合社会控制资源参与塑造社区秩序的视角入手,提出在宗教与日常生活联系密切的边疆少数民族地区,通过寻找可供禁毒防艾工作利用的宗教资源,将非正式社会控制方式整合进禁毒防艾多元防控体系中,探讨宗教作为禁毒防艾力量,克服不同规制之间的内在张力,内化国家法律治理目标,在转型时期的中国基层社区充分调动地方性社会资源,配合正式社会控制方式,参与禁毒防艾多元防控体系构建,为民族地区抗击毒品与艾滋病人民战役献策,实现这一地区社会治理的可能性。

英文摘要:

Ethnic groups living in the remote areas of China are of high HIV infection risk compare with mainstream groups according to a latest epidemiology study. Lack of sufficient social control has accelerated the popularity of drugs and virus. Based on a legal sociology study concerning a Muslim village seated on the southwest border of China, I examined the social and culture background of popularity of drugs and AIDS, in addition to an assessment of the defects of current anti-drug and HIV/AIDS legal system in this areas, I suggested the government should pays more attention to the informal social control in helping build the infrastructure of AIDS prevention and control work, in order to promote the healthy development of the ethnic groups society. This paper is based on a the legal sociological study of a Muslim village in the Southwest Border of China, though in-depth analysis of the underlying causes of drug harm in this region in early nineties, as well as the social and cultural background of the AIDS crisis subsequently, the authors note that there are still many defects in the anti-drug and AIDS prevention regulation and relevant policies by a general assessment of the anti-drug and AIDS prevention laws system, and find out that formal social control have limited the effectiveness of anti-drug and AIDS prevention works in this region. Through down-to-earth consultations, putting the informal social control integrated into the anti-drug and AIDS prevention control system is raised by the author, and propose that explore the religion as an anti-drug and AIDS prevention forces, in order to contribute to the fight against drugs and AIDS in ethnic areas.

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